Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers) (Video) 餃子 (2024)

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Gyoza are Japanese pan-fried dumplings that are crisp and golden on the bottom and juicy inside. These meat-filled treats are easy to fold using one of the methods I show here. They’re so delicious served with my savory dipping sauce.

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Gyoza (餃子), or Japanese pan-fried dumplings, are as ubiquitous as ramen in Japan. You can find these mouthwatering dumplings being served at specialty shops, izakaya, ramen shops, grocery stores or even at festivals.

While store-bought ones are convenient, you can’t beat homemade gyoza. So, let me show you how to make the best gyoza at home!

Table of Contents

  • What is Gyoza?
  • Ingredients You’ll Need for Gyoza
  • How to Make Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers)
  • Gyoza Cooking Tips
  • Store-bought or Homemade Wrappers
  • Gyoza Folding Techniques
  • How to Store Gyoza
  • Serve Gyoza with Dipping Sauce
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What is Gyoza?

The original Chinese dumplings are calledJiaozi(餃子). These dumplings consist of ground meat and vegetable filling wrapped into a thinly rolled piece of dough, which is then sealed by pressing the edges together. Finishedjiaozican be boiled (水餃), steamed (蒸餃), pan-fried (煎餃, we callpotstickers), or deep-fried (炸餃子).

So what is the Japanese version like?The key characteristic ofgyoza(餃子) is its cooking method, which involves pan-frying and steaming. They are first fried in a hot pan until crispy brown on the bottom sides, then a small amount of water is added before the pan is covered to steam the entire dumplings quickly. This technique gives gyoza the best mix of textures, where you get crispy bottoms and tender soft tops that encase the juicy filling inside.

What is the Difference between Gyoza and Chinese Potstickers?

Gyoza and potstickers are prepared similarly by frying and steaming, so they are not too different.

One distinctive difference is that gyoza usually comes in a smaller size with thinner skin. With thinner skin, gyoza yields a much more crispy texture and bite. The filling is also finer in texture. Some say gyoza tends to be heavier on the garlic, which is great if you like garlic.

For fillings, you’ll find a variety of meat such as ground pork, beef, lamb, chicken, fish, and shrimp used in Chinese dumplings. On the other hand, ground pork is typically used in gyoza.

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Ingredients You’ll Need for Gyoza

  • Pork — Classic gyoza usually consist of ground pork.
  • Cabbage — Regular cabbage is commonly used for gyoza, as opposed to Chinese dumplings, which typically use napa cabbage. We use different methods to wilt the tough cabbage leaves. Some blanch them or microwave them for a minute or two. Some sprinkle salt to dehydrate the cabbage and squeeze the water out before mixing it with meat.
  • Garlic chives — My mom adds garlic chives (nira in Japanese) to her gyoza, but I usually skip them because my children don’t like their strong taste. I add garlic chives to my Napa Cabbage Gyoza recipe.
  • Aromatics — Garlic is commonly used in Japanese gyoza. My mom always adds grated ginger, so I do the same for my recipe.
  • Seasonings — The seasonings are simple: sake, soy sauce, sesame oil, and a pinch of salt and pepper. In traditional Japanese cooking, you will notice we use sake when we use meat and seafood. Besides adding umami, sake helps remove unwanted smells from the meat/seafood. Alcohol evaporation takes away a gamey smell. If you don’t consume alcohol, simply omit it since garlic and ginger help remove the unwanted smell.
  • Gyoza wrappers — I recommend getting a Japanese brand of gyoza wrappers since they are thinner than Chinese ones. I’ll talk more about this in the following section.

Be Creative! There is plenty of room for creativity when it comes to making gyoza. To change things up, I like to make different versions at home. For example, this gyoza recipe includes fresh shiitake mushrooms, my specialty! I like the meaty texture and juicy umami from shiitake mushrooms without adding more meat. For delicious filling, the rule of thumb is to consider ingredients with different textures. So feel free to experiment with different ingredients or seasonal vegetables.

Vegan-Friendly Gyoza?

If you want to make a plant-based version, try my Vegetable Gyoza.

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These pan-fried dumplings contain lots of rainbow vegetables and tofu. I love that I feel light and healthy after eating them!

How to Make Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers)

Making gyoza involves three steps. To save time, you can work on steps 1 and 2, freeze the gyoza, and cook them on the day of serving.

  1. Make the filling: Combine all the ingredients and seasonings and knead well.
  2. Fold the gyoza: Put the filling on the gyoza wrapper and fold it. I explained how to fold the gyoza in my recipe card below or on the gyoza folding tutorial post.
  3. Pan-fry: When ready to serve, pan-fry and steam the gyoza. Serve immediately with gyoza dipping sauce.
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Gyoza Cooking Tips

There are a few important tips to remember when making your gyoza.

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  • My meat-to-cabbage ratiois between1:1and1:1.5. If you are curious, the typical gyoza in Japan is 1:2 (yes, way more cabbage!). Feel free to adjust as you like, including the seasonings. This gyoza recipe has the perfect amount of juiciness and tenderness inside!
  • Draw out moisture from the cabbage.This is very important so that the gyoza wrappers don’t get soggy. After sprinkling salt on the cabbage, squeeze the water out. You’d be surprised how much water comes out!
  • Knead the meat well with seasonings until it becomes sticky and pale. I recommend using your hand, not a spatula or spoon. If you don’t like touching raw meat, get plastic food-gradedisposable gloves. Kneading makes the proteins in the meat bind together, yielding a springier and smoother texture. It also allows the seasonings to blend well with the meat.
  • Use less than 1 tablespoon of gyoza filling.If you’re a beginner, start with a scant 3/4 tablespoon. I use asmall OXO cookie scoop(1 Tbsp) and level off the filling. If you add too much filling, it will squeeze out easily.
  • While folding, cover your gyoza wrappers with a damp paper towel or kitchen cloth. Once you open the package, the edges of the wrappers dry quickly. Covering helps keep them moist and easier to use.
  • Cook or store the dumplings soon after they’re wrapped. Even though you draw out moisture from the napa cabbage, the filling still contains some moisture, so don’t let gyoza sit on the counter for too long. Either pan-fry them quickly or flash-freeze them (more later).
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Store-bought or Homemade Wrappers

Gyoza wrappers can be purchased in Japanese or Asian grocery stores. I usually buy Myojo brand’s 10-oz wrappers, which contain about 52–54 skins. Once you open the package, cover the wrappers with a damp towel to prevent them from drying out.

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If you can’t find gyoza wrappers at an Asian or local grocery store or enjoy making food from scratch, I highly encourage you to make gyoza wrappers!

All you need is flour, salt, and water. With practice and patience, you make delicious homemade gyoza skins in just a few hours!

Here’s a detailed tutorial with the video instructions onHow To Make Homemade Gyoza Wrappers.

Gyoza Folding Techniques

While Chinese dumplings have several ways to fold the wrappers, gyoza or Japanese pan-fried dumplings have just two ways: Folding pleats toward one side vs. folding pleats toward the center.

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Check out my post on How To Fold Gyoza.With just a little bit of practice, you will master the folding very quickly.

How to Store Gyoza

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Gyoza are best stored in the freezer before they are cooked. If you properly save them, they can last up to a month in the freezer!

Why don’t we cook first and freeze? When you freeze gyoza after being pan-fried, it will lose its crispness and become soggy and too soft after reheating.

What to Do with Extra Wrappers?

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If you have any leftover gyoza wrappers, don’t throw them away. I love using the leftover wrappers for crispy cheese wraps. Fill the wrappers with some sliced cheese, cream cheese, or brie cheese, fold them into half and pan-fry or deep fry them. You can make these with wonton wrappers or gyoza wrappers.

The golden parcels withhot, gooey melty cheese make an easy and yummy appetizer that goes well with beer!

Serve Gyoza with Dipping Sauce

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Often served in a group of six or eight, Japanese enjoy gyoza as a snack and a main meal alone. They come in carbs, vegetables, and protein in one parcel. Gyoza is best when enjoyed with a simple dipping sauce of soy sauce, rice vinegar, and a bit of la-yu (Japanese chili oil) (you can make your own).

It may look difficult to make Gyoza at home, but the method is fairly simple once you know how to prepare them. Part of the fun of making homemade gyoza is the process and the opportunity for creativity.

You can experiment with different ingredients for the filling based on your preference. Gyoza also taste better when you can involve family or friends in making them together, making it an enjoyable activity.

More Dumpling Recipes You’ll Love

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Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers) (Video) 餃子 (18)
  • Shumai (Steamed Pork Dumplings)
  • Gyoza with Wings (Hanetsuki Gyoza)
Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers) (Video) 餃子 (19)

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Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers)

4.68 from 492 votes

Gyoza are Japanese pan-fried dumplings that are crisp and golden on the bottom and juicy inside. These meat-filled treats are easy to fold using one of the methods I show here. They‘re so delicious served with my savory dipping sauce.

Print RecipePin Recipe

Prep Time: 1 hour hr

Cook Time: 30 minutes mins

Total Time: 1 hour hr 30 minutes mins

Servings: 52 Pieces


For the Filling

  • ¾ lb green cabbage (¼ large head)
  • 1 tsp Diamond Crystal kosher salt (for salting the cabbage)
  • 2 green onions/scallions
  • 2 shiitake mushrooms
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1 tsp ginger (grated, with juice; from a 1-inch, 2.5-cm knob)
  • ½ lb ground pork

For the Seasonings

  • 2 tsp sake (to remove the pork‘s gamey taste; optional)
  • 2 tsp toasted sesame oil
  • 2 tsp soy sauce
  • tsp freshly ground black pepper

For Folding the Gyoza

  • 1 package gyoza wrappers (52 sheets per 10-oz/284-g package; or make my homemade Gyoza Wrappers)
  • water (to fold and seal the wrappers)

For Frying Each Batch

  • 1 Tbsp neutral oil
  • 4 Tbsp water
  • 1 tsp toasted sesame oil

For the Dipping Sauce

  • rice vinegar (unseasoned) (1 Tbsp per serving)
  • soy sauce (1 Tbsp per serving)
  • la-yu (Japanese chili oil) (⅛ tsp per serving; optional; Japanese chili oil is not too spicy; or make myHomemade La-yu)

Japanese Ingredient Substitution: If you want substitutes for Japanese condiments and ingredients, click here.


  • Gather all the ingredients.

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To Make the Filling

  • Discard the thick core of ¾ lb green cabbage and cut it into thin strips about ⅓-inch (1 cm) wide.

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  • Finely chop the strips crosswise into very small pieces, especially the thick white parts of the leaves. Then, run your knife through the cabbage to mince it finer.

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  • Sprinkle the minced cabbage with1 tsp Diamond Crystal kosher salt and massage together with your hands. Transfer it to a bowl and set aside until the cabbage is wilted. Tip: Alternatively, you can blanch or microwave the cabbagefor a minute or two to soften the thick and hard leaves. Or, you can skip wilting altogether.

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  • Mince 2 green onions/scallions into small pieces.

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  • Remove the stems from 2 shiitake mushrooms and mince the caps into small pieces.

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  • Grate the ginger with a ceramic grater and add 1 tsp ginger (grated, with juice) to a small plate. Mince or press 2 cloves garlic (I use a garlic press) and add to the plate.

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  • Combine the green onions, shiitake mushrooms, and ½ lb ground pork in a large bowl. Now, add the seasonings: 2 tsp sake, 2 tsp toasted sesame oil, 2 tsp soy sauce, and ⅛ tsp freshly ground black pepper.

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  • Mix well and knead the mixture with your hand (I wear plastic disposable gloves) until it becomes sticky and pale in color.

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  • Next, squeeze the water out from the salted cabbage and add to the meat mixture.

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  • Knead the mixture again with your hand to evenly distribute the cabbage into the meat.

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To Fold the Gyoza

  • Prepare a small bowl of water and a baking sheet either lined with parchment paper or dusted with 2 Tbsp potato starch (or cornstarch). Open 1 package gyoza wrappers and cover them with a damp towel or plastic wrap at all times so they don‘t dry out.

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  • Place one wrapper in the palm of your non-dominant hand (left hand for me). Use a1 Tbsp cookie scoopto place a small amount of filling in the center of the wrapper. Do not overstuff. (If you‘re new to gyoza making, use a scant 1 Tbsp of filling.) Flatten it with the scooper bowl, making sure to press out any air pockets in the filling.

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  • Dip one finger in the water and use it to moisten a circle around the outer ¼ inch (6 mm) of the wrapper. Fold the wrapper in half over the filling. Pinch the wrapper together at the top center of the half circle, but don’t seal it yet.

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  • This recipe shares the folding method with the pleats leaning toward the center. If you want the pleats leaning toward one side, check out my How to Fold Gyoza post.

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  • Start on the right side near the top center. To make the first pleat, use your right thumb and index finger to fold the wrapper‘s top half into a pleat that leans toward the center. Use your left thumb and index finger to press the folded pleat tightly against the back half of the wrapper.

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  • Here is what it looks like from thefront.

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  • Repeat folding along the right side about once every ¼ inch (6 mm), making 3–4 pleats total.

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  • Here what it looks like from thefront.

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  • Press down the pleats to seal any gap.

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  • Continue pleating the left side of the gyoza, starting near the top center. To make the first pleat, use your left thumb and index finger to fold the wrapper‘s top half into a pleat that leans toward the center. Use your right thumb and index finger to press the folded pleat tightly against the back half of the wrapper.

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  • Here is what it looks like from thefront.

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  • Repeat folding along the left side about once every ¼ inch (6 mm), making 3–4 pleats total.

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  • Here is what it looks like from thefront.

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  • Press the pleats one last time.

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  • Evenly distribute the filling and shape the gyoza to create a flat side on the bottom.

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  • Place your finished gyoza on the baking sheet and cover with plastic wrap to avoid drying. Repeat to fold the remaining wrappers.

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To Freeze Uncooked (optional)

  • If you want to store uncooked gyoza to cook later (optional), now is the time to freeze them. Before the filling starts to release moisture and make the wrappers soggy, lay out the gyoza on a sheet pan or plate in a single layer so they‘re not touching. Then, cover with plastic wrap or a large resealable bag. Place the sheet pan in the freezer to flash freeze the gyoza until solid (or at least frozen on the outside).

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  • Once the gyoza are solid, pack them in an airtight bag to freeze. Because you flash froze them, the gyoza won’t stick to each other in the bag. Store the gyoza in the freezer for up to a month. When you’re ready to cook them, place the frozen gyoza directly in your frying pan. Follow the regular cooking instructions below, but steam them for an extra 1–2 minutes.

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To Cook the Fresh Gyoza

  • Cook the gyoza in batches. First, dust off any potato starch from the gyoza bottoms using a pastry brush.

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  • Heat a large nonstick or carbon steel frying pan over medium heat (I use an 11" carbon steel pan). When the pan is hot, add1 Tbsp neutral oil.When the oil is hot, place the gyoza in the pan, flat side down. Arrange them in a single layer in a circular pattern, and leave space between each piece so they don‘t touch.

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  • Alternatively, you can arrange them in one or two rows. Leave space between each piece so they don‘t touch each other.

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  • Cook until the bottom of the gyoza turns golden brown, about 3 minutes. Then, add 4 Tbsp water to the pan and immediately cover with a lid.

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  • Steam the gyoza for about 3 minutes or until most of the water evaporates. Tip:If you‘re cooking frozen gyoza, steam them for an extra 1–2 minutes.

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  • Remove the lid to evaporate any remaining water. Drizzle 1 tsp toasted sesame oil around the gyoza in the frying pan. Cook, uncovered, until the gyoza is browned and crisp on the bottom.

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  • Remove to a plate. Repeat the process to cook the other batches.

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To Serve

  • Transfer to a serving plate and serve with individual bowls of dipping sauce on the side. For each individual serving, combine 1 Tbsp rice vinegar (unseasoned), 1 Tbsp soy sauce, and the optional ⅛ tsp la-yu (Japanese chili oil) in a small dipping bowl and mix together.Enjoy!

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To Store

  • Leftover cooked gyoza: Cool, transfer to an airtight container, and store in the refrigerator for up to 3 days or in the freezer for a month.

  • Leftover filling:Make mini meatballs or patties and cook them in a frying pan. Once they are pan-fried, you can cool them, pack in an airtight container, and store in refrigerator or freezer for later use.

  • Leftover wrappers: You can fill each wrapper with sliced cheese, fold in half, and press to seal. Pan-fry until golden on both sides. They are a favorite with kids!

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Nutrition Facts

Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers)

Amount per Serving



% Daily Value*






Saturated Fat








































Vitamin A




Vitamin C














* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

Author: Namiko Chen

Course: Appetizer

Cuisine: Japanese

Keyword: gyoza, pot sticker

© Content and photographs are copyright protected. Sharing of this recipe is both encouraged and appreciated. Copying and/or pasting full recipes to any website or social media is strictly prohibited. Please view my photo use policy here.

Did you make this recipe?If you made this recipe, snap a pic and hashtag it #justonecookbook! We love to see your creations on Instagram @justonecookbook!

Editor’s Note: The post was originally published on Feb 9, 2011. It was updated with new step-by-step and final images and the slightly revised recipe on April 13, 2024.

Gyoza (Japanese Potstickers) (Video) 餃子 (2024)


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